What is a Bunion Deformity? – The bony bump on the side of your big toe is a form of arthritis. It indicates that degenerative changes are taking place in the joint underneath. The bunion can cause your first toe to push outward against your second toe, resulting in a deformity of one or both toes. While poorly fitting shoes with a narrow toe box can aggravate bunions, the primary cause is hereditary.
“Mother Teresa had bad bunion deformities and never wore high heels or fashionable shoes.”
Conservative treatments such as orthotics (shoe inserts) and injections at the base of the big toe can sometimes temporarily relieve bunion problems, but surgery is often required for definitive treatment.
Several surgical procedures can be performed to correct bunion deformities. These are now usually done as an ambulatory procedure, not requiring hospital admission. Some bunion procedures do not even require stitches after the minimal incision.
Not sure if you have a Bunion Deformity?
The signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
- A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
- Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
- Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
- Corns or calluses — these often develop where the first and second toes overlap
- Persistent or intermittent pain
- Restricted movement of your big toe